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How Digestive System Works ?
Process of Digestive System
The human digestive system is being processed
through the following steps :
Digestion starts right from the teeth. Teeth breakdowns
and crushes the food into small pieces so that it can fit down our throats.
The second steps is about the salivary gland which
is located underneath the back of our tongue. It creates our saliva. This softens
the food in the mouth so that it is easier to swallow. Saliva is also the first
of several chemicals that start to break down foods into simpler forms.
Afterwards the tongue ,works with the food and
saliva to form into a small piece so that it can be swallowed. The tongue also
contains taste buds that helps us tell the difference between salty, sour,
sweet, and bitter foods.
Fourth step involves esophagus which is simply a
transportation tube from the mouth to the stomach. While we swallow, what
happens is closing at the shaft present inside the throat called the
epiglottis. Epiglottis sends food down the esophagus and prevents food from
going down the trachea and into our lungs. Food moves down the esophagus using
muscles not gravity.
Once the food gets to the stomach the stomach uses
chemicals to try to make the food tinier. These chemicals are called gastric
juices and the include hydrochloric acid and enzymes. The food is moved around
in the stomach and mixed with the chemicals for about 3 or 4 hours. When it is
done in the stomach, the food is now a cream-like liquid call chime. Now a
valve at the end of the stomach opens sending the food past the liver.
The liver makes a chemical called bile but bile is
not stored in the liver. Instead it is stored in the gall bladder. When the
gall bladder mixes bile with our food, it does an important job: breaking down
the fat (from milk, butter, cheeses) into tiny droplets. This fat will supply
us with much energy later.
Pancreas- The pancreas also adds a digestive
chemical as the food leaves the stomach. This digestive juice works on breaking
down the carbohydrates (from breads, potatoes, etc.) and the proteins (from
meats, cereals, peanut butter).
The small intestine is the major player of the
digestive system. Its a tube that is about 22 feet long and at this place the
real digestion takes place. As the food passes through, it is mixed with the
new chemicals and thus our food is now digested small enough to be put to use
by the body. Blood vessels in the villi can absorb the tiny food molecules and
send them off to the rest of our body through the blood.
Large Intestine- The food particles which cant be
used inside the body are sent to large intestines. The main task of the large
intestine is to remove water. Water has been necessary up until now but it is
no longer needed and in the large intestine water is sent into the blood stream
. Food spends about 12 hours in the large intestine where it become feces and
later leaves the body through the anal opening when we go to the bathroom.
Digestive Enzymes assist the body in the breakdown of food.
Different enzymes with different functions are produced in particular areas of
the digestive tract.Incomplete digestion may be a
contributing factor in the development of many ailments including flatulence,
bloating, belching, food allergies, nausea, bad breath, bowel problems and
stomach disorders. Digestive enzymes are primarily responsible for the chemical
breakdown of food and constitute a large portion of digestive secretions. The
human body makes approximately 22 different enzymes that are involved in
Ptyalin ,Amylase, Betaine, Bromelain, Pepsin, Gastric amylase ,Gelatinase,
Rennin Gastric lipase, Pancreatic lipase ,Phospholipase, Trypsin,Steapsin, Chymotrypsin , Carboxypeptidase, Pancreatic amylase, Elastases,
Nucleases, Sucrase, Maltase, Lactase, Isomaltase are the different types of
enzymes. D Lakshmi
One herbal medicine relieves so many health related issues.
Here is the simple and powerful solution for the following ailments at the lowest cost. 1. Gastritis 2. Menstrual Cramp 3. Irregular Menstruation 4. Pain/inflammatory in the liver or spleen 5. Persisting pain in the stomach 6. Persisting pain the abdominal 7. Female Infertility 8. Initial stage of diabetic 9. Intestinal Inflammatory 10. Swelling 11. Menopause 12. Liver diseases 13. Polycystic Ovaries/PCOD 14. Fibroid 15. Hair Loss 16. Headache and Fever 17. Excessive cholesterol 18. Multiple Lipoma 19. Endometriosis
we sleep in the night our body metabolism secretes lot of valuable
Enzymes (In Tamil - Neena Neer and Jeeva Neer) and several blood
compositions into Spleen and Stomach and Liver. These are more
required for immunity power. Let
us have a deep look into the scientifically related issues. Our
Stomach is very thin polythene cover like organ. Stomach secretes lot
and lot of Nitric acid and Hydrochloric acid. These two acids
play a key role towards food fermentation and digestion. Our Body
system digests the food only through fermentation process. There is
no mixi and grinder used for digestion. All we know that, any
acid kept in contact with the flesh and muscles harms us. Whereas in
Stomach, these two acids are separated by the stuff called mucous gel
from the stomach to protect it from external forces. When we take
more water in the empty stomach it dilutes these two acids, and in
turn converts to toxins which become useless for digestion. It can
also disturb the mucous gel due to w…
The following material for Soft Skill - Science and Society Materials, Bangalore University I am dedicating to all III Semester B.Com, BBM, BBA Students .
1. The first Renaissance scientist was a man named ---------
A. Nicolaus Copernicus B. Galileo
Galilei C. Johannes Kepler D. Isacc Newton
is following fact true about Nicolaus Copernicus theory on planet earth?
is not the center of the universe
is the center of gravity and the lunar sphere
Earth’s motions include rotation, revolution, and annual orientation/tilting of
Answer: D 3. The
heliocentric model of Copernicus theory states about. A. Earth Centered
Universe B. Sun Centered Universe Answer: B 4. Which is the fact
true about ‘Sun Centered Universe’? A. The only planets
known and found were Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn B. All the planets were
orbiting around the Sun C. Moon ignored the
Sun’s orbit and orbited around the Earth’s…